Origin : Spain
Blue Andalusian Chicken : The Andalusian Blue is a Spanish chicken breed indigenous to Andalusia in southern Spain. It is registered in the official catalog of breeds from Granada. The Andalusian Blue is distinguished by its white ears, large feet, and great comb. Their webbed feet are gray or slate, though never yellow, which is a sign of a commercial hybrid. They were admitted to the American Poultry Association in 1874.
Origin : New Jersey
Jersey Giant Chicken : The Black and White Jersey Giant chickens, true to their name, are the largest heritage chicken and were developed in New Jersey in the 1870s from the crossing of several Asiatic breeds. The Jersey Giant was uniquely developed to be a large, tender roasting chicken for the New York market. Recognized by the American Poultry Association in 1922.
Origin : New Hampshire
New Hampshire Chicken : The New Hampshire chicken is a bird with a deep, broad body showcasing medium to light red feathers. It was bred from the Rhode Island Red chicken and selected specifically for increased growth rate and vigor. New Hamps are the only heritage chicken without any color variation and replaced the Plymouth Rock as the top raised industrial chicken in the 1950s. The breed was recognized by the American Poultry Association in 1935.
Origin : Massachusetts
Plymouth Rock Chicken : The Plymouth Rock was developed in the mid-19th century as a dual-purpose chicken and was accepted by the American Poultry Association in 1874. The Plymouth Rock was the king of all chickens and is the foundation on which the modern poultry industry was built. The Plymouth Rock was most likely developed in Massachusetts becoming the most important breed of the 1920s broiler industry.
Origin : Massachusetts and Rhode Island
Rhode Island Red Chicken, “Old Type” : The quintessential heritage chicken, the Rhode Island Red Chicken has reddish-black plumage and red comb. The bird was originally developed in both Massachusetts and Rhode Island in the late 1800s and was admitted to the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection in 1904.
Origin : New York
Wyandotte Chicken : This beautiful, medium-sized, rose-combed bird was developed in the 1880s. It is the earliest of all American breeds and has white feathering defined by an outline of chocolate colored feather tips, which produce a swirling effect. The breed originated in New York State, was inducted into the American Poultry Association in 1883 and is named after the Wyandotte (Huron) tribe.
Origin : Netherlands
Golden Penciled Hamburg Chicken : The first documentation of Hamburg chickens is from the Netherlands in the fourteenth century. By the mid 1800s the breed had made its way to the US and it was here that the breed received the name Hamburg in the early 1840s.
Hamburgs have sickle feathers, blue legs, large white earlobes, and bright red rose shaped combs. These chickens are natural foragers and have an active and alert disposition. Whereas most laying hens stop producing around 2 years, Hamburgs are prized for their productivity for several years. All six standard varieties of Hamburgs were admitted to the American Poultry Association Standard of Perfection in 1874.
Origin : Italy
White Leghorn Chicken : Leghorns are prolific hunters and foragers. They descended from Livornese landrace fowl in Northern Italy. In 1853 White Leghorns were imported to the United States. The breed then was exported from America to England in 1870 where it was crossed with Minorca chickens to increase the breed’s size and became known as the English Leghorn. In 1910 the English Leghorn was imported to the USA for the commercial poultry industry.
There is now a divide in the breed’s traits. Commercial lines have been cultivated for production alone, while non-industrial breeders have preserved the Leghorn’s stately appearance and ability to forage. The White Leghorn was admitted to the American Poultry Association Standard of Perfection in 1874.
Origin : United States
Barred Plymouth Rock Chicken : The Barred Plymouth Rock, a hardy dual purpose breed, was developed in America in the middle of the 19th century. The breed was accepted into the American Poultry Association Standard of Perfection in 1874.
The breed is prized for its hardiness, docility, broodiness, excellent production of light brown eggs, and meat These qualities helped make one of its descendants, the White Rock, a foundation breed for the broiler industry in the 1920s.
The barred color pattern is due to a dominant sex-linked gene. This gene does not add dark bars to light feathers but prevents pigment on colored plumage, thus creating light bars on dark feathers.
Origin : Spain/Rome
Black Minorca Chicken : There are two origin stories for the Minorca. In Spanish history it is said to have originated in Africa and was brought to Spain with the Moores. In another, it is the Romans who are credited with bringing the fowl from Italy. The first certain documentation of Minorca is in Castile and it is clear that the modern Minorca chicken descends from the old Castilian fowl. The breed was imported to America from England in 1834.
The Minorca is a hardy, rugged bird adaptable to range and is prized for its egg laying ability. The Black Minorca was accepted into the American Poultry Association Standard of Perfection in 1904.